Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

English Title

Factores asociados a ictericia con requerimiento de fototerapia: estudio de tipo casos y controles en un hospital de Perú


Jaundice neonatal, risk factors, phototherapy

English Keywords

Ictericia neonatal, factores de riesgo, fototerapia.


Objective: To determine the factors associated with jaundice requiring phototherapy. Material and Methods: An observational, analytical, and retrospective case-control study was conducted. Medical records of 212 patients aged 0 to 7 days from the neonatology service at Hospital Carlos Lanfranco La Hoz were reviewed, divided into 106 cases (with phototherapy) and 106 controls (without phototherapy). Results: Preterm neonates showed a significant association with an OR: 5.526; 95% CI (2.038-14.981), P= 0.001; and ABO incompatibility had an OR: 4.373, 95% CI (1.934-9.889), P= 0.001. However, birth weight, Rh incompatibility, neonatal sepsis, maternal urinary tract infection, and maternal anemia were not associated with the need for phototherapy. Conclusions: There is an association between preterm neonates and ABO incompatibility with the requirement for phototherapy.

English Abstract

Objetivo: Determinar los factores asociados a ictericia con requerimiento de fototerapia. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico, y retrospectivo de tipo casos y controles. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 212 pacientes de 0 a 7 días de nacidos del servicio de neonatología del Hospital Carlos Lanfranco La Hoz, divididos en 106 casos (con fototerapia) y 106 controles (sin fototerapia). Resultados: Se encontró una asociación significativa entre los neonatos pretérmino y la necesidad de fototerapia, con un OR:5.526; IC 95% (2.038-14.981), P= 0.001; así como una asociación entre la incompatibilidad ABO y la fototerapia, con un OR:4.373, IC 95% (1.934-9.889), P= 0.001. Conclusiones: Se concluye que existe asociación entre neonatos pretérmino, la incompatibilidad ABO con la necesidad de fototerapia.





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