Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

English Title

Orquiepididimitis tuberculosa en diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 insulinodependiente: Reporte de caso


Tuberculosis, Orchitis, Epididymitis, Hyperglycemia

English Keywords

Tuberculosis, Orquitis, Epididimitis, Diabetes mellitus


Introduction: There is little information in Peru on the association of tuberculous orchiepididymitis in relation to immunosuppressed patients, being an endemic country of tuberculosis and there is an increase in the prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, producing wrong diagnoses. Clinical Case: We present the case of a 70-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus who was admitted to the outpatient clinic due to dysuria and frequency. On physical examination, a hard, non-painful right testicle, the ultrasound showed signs of epididymal abscess in the scrotal wall of the Right testicle, which is why an infected neoplasm is suspected, and a right orchiectomy is performed, later in the histological study, multinucleated Langhans-type giant cells with granulomatous areas suggestive of tuberculosis are shown, which is why it is proposed that in the presence of urological symptoms in immunosuppressed patients, it is ruled out tuberculosis.

English Abstract

Introducción: Hay poca información en el Perú sobre la asociación de orquiepididimitis tuberculosa en relación a los pacientes inmunosuprimidos, siendo un país endémico de tuberculosis y habiendo un incremento de la prevalencia de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles como la diabetes produciendo diagnósticos equivocados. Caso Clínico: Se presenta el caso de un varón de 70 años con antecedente de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 que ingresa por consultorio externo por disuria y polaquiuria, al examen físico testículo derecho duro, no doloroso, en la ecografía se evidencia signos de absceso epididimario en pared escrotal del testículo derecho por lo que se sospecha de una neoplasia infectada realizándose una orquiectomía derecha, posteriormente en el estudio histológico evidencian células gigantes multinucleadas tipo Langhans con áreas granulomatosas sugerente a tuberculosis por lo que se plantea que ante la presencia de síntomas urológicos en pacientes inmunosuprimidos se descarte tuberculosis.





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