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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

English Title

Dengue con signos de alarma y Leptospirosis en un paciente pediátrico con COVID-19

Keywords

Dengue, Leptospirosis, Coronavirus, Pediatrics

Abstract

Dengue and Leptospirosis are endemic metaxenic diseases that affect tropical and subtropical areas, mostly in underdeveloped countries. In addition to this, the COVID-19 pandemic is causing a great deal of damage to both the population and the health level. This is the case of a 13-year-old patient who had fever, gingival and intermenstrual bleeding, abdominal pain and shortness of breath. She had SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG positive rapid test, and positive serology NS1 for Dengue and IgM for Leptospira. In addition, non-contrast pulmonary tomography showed areas of consolidated and frosted glass at the base level, as well as cysturitis. Diagnoses of COVID-19 pneumonia, Dengue with warning signs and Leptospirosis were had. Therapeutics were based on fluid therapy according to diuresis and blood pressure, symptomatic, oxygen support, constant monitoring and antibiotic therapy with Ceftriaxone, having a favorable evolution.

English Abstract

El Dengue y la Leptospirosis son enfermedades metaxénicas endémicas que afectan áreas tropicales y subtropicales, en su mayoría de los países subdesarrollados. Sumado a ello la pandemia por el COVID-19, estos vienen generando mucho daño tanto a la población como a nivel sanitario. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 13 años que cursó con fiebre, sangrado gingival e intermenstrual, dolor abdominal y dificultad respiratoria. Tuvo prueba rápida SARS-CoV-2 IgM e IgG positivo, y serología positiva NS1 para Dengue e IgM para Leptospira. Además, en la Tomografía Pulmonar sin contraste se evidenciaron áreas de consolidados y de vidrio esmerilado a nivel de las bases, además de cisuritis. Se tuvieron los diagnósticos de Neumonía COVID-19, Dengue con signos de alarma y Leptospirosis. La terapéutica se basó en fluidoterapia según la diuresis y presión arterial, sintomáticos, soporte oxigenatorio, monitoreo constante y antibioticoterapia con Ceftriaxona, teniendo una evolución favorable.

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